18 August 2014

Merenje gojaznosti

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Rado biste da saznate koja je vaša idealna težina? Indeks telesne mase (BMI) vam može pomoći u tome.

Za merenje gojaznosti koriste se:

BMI (Body Mass Index) je index koji se koristi za procenu stepena uhranjenosti.

Izračunava se po formuli:
BMI= telesna masa (kg) / telesna visina (m)²
Ukoliko se proceni da je BMI veći od 25, može se reći da je osoba gojazna.

Još jedan pokazatelj gojaznosti je distribucija masnog tkiva u organizmu je WHR indeks (Waist – Hip – Ratio) koji meri odnos kukova i struka, pa je kod normalne uhranjenosti vrednost tog indeksa 0,85 za žene i 1 za muškarce.

Stepen gojaznosti može se izračunati i održanjem odnosa između specifične težine tela i debljine kožnog nabora. Za određenje debljine kožnog nabora koristi se kaliper i merenje se obavlja na sledećim mestima:

1.iznad bicepsa,
2.iznad tricepsa,
3.ispod lopatice,
4.iznad karlice sa desne strane.

Takođe, radi procene distribucije masnog tkiva meri se i obim struka, pa će se žena smatrati gojaznom ukoliko je obim njenog struka veći od 80-88cm, a kod muškog pola gojaznost se vezuje za vrednosti veće od 94-102cm.
Čak i malo smanjivanje telesne težine (5-10%) dovodi do bitnog smanjenja krvnog pritiska, holesterola i rizika od pojave dijabetesa.

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Last modified on 14 April 2020


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